What artist Chintan Upadhyay did in Anda Cell

Immediately after spending nearly six decades in prison for the alleged murder of his estranged spouse and artist Hema Upadhyay and her attorney Haresh Bhambhani, when artist Chintan Upadhyay still left Thane Central Jail on bail in September 2021, he had hundreds of artworks that required to be transported. “It is not a cohesive overall body of performs but my recordings, which includes sketches that could propel future operates. If it wasn’t for art, I do not know what I would have done,” claims Upadhyay, 49, from his Navi Mumbai home-cum-studio.

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He distinctly remembers the occasions of December 11, 2015, when the bodies of Hema and Bhambhani were uncovered in the northern Mumbai suburb of Kandivali. Upadhyay was in Delhi, wherever he had moved in 2011. Preparations were underway for his exhibition that was to be held in February 2016 in Vadodara, exactly where Upadhyay would have unveiled two yrs of do the job with the collection titled Gandi Baat, comprising caricatures of adult men, females and youngsters, and addressing topics of intense male gaze, abusive gestures and ethical policing, among the other people.

With him getting arrested days after the murder, the exhibition was cancelled and the artist observed himself in prison. “For the first couple of months, I was in a cell with around 400 men and women. It is undoubtedly unpleasant and complicated getting there, away from friends and family members. It is a tense environment and there is continual dread,” claims Upadhyay.

Arcylic painting-eye ‘A aspiration for greater everyday living (dreamopia)’, 2017-18, acrylic on paper. (Credit score: Chintan Upadhyay)

It took some prodding from the then superintendent at the jail for the artist to select the paintbrush all over again, when he was asked for to make preparatory drawings for a mural that depicted jail existence — the scene incorporated inmates cooking, cleaning, performing in karkhanas, enjoying board video games, volleyball and so on. Couple of months later on, he manufactured his very first acrylic on paper in prison — a deformed elephant with elongated legs, hatching from four eggs. “I really don’t remember how the painting started but possibly the eggs had been suggestive of the title of my prison mobile, the Anda Cell. The elephant is battling to obtain its toes and go forward with its brittle legs that are erupting from hatched eggs. It is striving to obtain toughness. The do the job also depicts what I felt at the time,” states Upadhyay. Exhibited as part of “Art from Driving Bars” initiative (of the NGO Dagar Pathway Believe in) in Mumbai in 2017, it was acquired by filmmaker Kiran Rao for Rs 4.5 lakh. “I donated the proceeds to the Prisoners’ Welfare Fund. In some means, the sale aroused curiosity in the jail. Beforehand, some people experienced come up to me and shared that they experienced observed my operate. Numerous realized about the installation at Nariman Stage (Metropolis of Desire),” he says.

Quickly, he managed to develop his own work room in prison. Though the jail authorities supplied standard material, he could set up for other provides. As the audience for his art grew, he also began having workshops, adopted by standard art lessons from 2019, where by he imparted lessons to 25-30 college students at a time. “The purpose was to engage them and broaden their perspective. I would really encourage them to imagine, and analyse their circumstance and environment by means of artwork. In purchase to construct their self-confidence, I even enable them make smaller interventions in my larger performs,” claims the artist.

Quite a few of his students and other undertrial prisoners also turned his protagonists for charcoal portraits on newspapers that he sketched throughout the Covid months. “At the time, it was complicated to get product and we created ideal use of what we experienced. These portraits have a deep that means — they share the stories of these adult men and replicate on their various backgrounds and ideologies,” provides Upadhyay. In the coming months, he hopes to carry almost 500 of these portraits collectively in a solitary installation, sharing prevalent room, akin to how they lived in jail.

Collage- eye ‘They Are Us’, a collaborative set up with the prison community.  (Credit rating: Chintan Upadhyay)


Son of Jaipur-based mostly artist Vidyasagar Upadhyay, it was while pursuing his graduation in science and planning to examine architecture when Upadhyay resolved to fall-out and analyze artwork. Regarded to astound with his performs in the latter yrs, even in his ultimate calendar year showcase in 1997 at MS College, Baroda, he produced a furor with his large phallus-formed delicate toys. “It was a comment on patriarchal modern society and desire for the male kid,” states he.

It was also at MSU the place Upadhyay satisfied classmate Hema, their higher education romance led to marriage in 1998. The couple relocated to Mumbai shortly just after and their careers little by little commenced to flourish. Though their particular person paths as artists ended up divergent, the two labored on many collaborative projects, which include the 2003 exhibition “Made in China” the place they turned Chemould Art Gallery in Mumbai into a museum of Chinese products and solutions offered on Indian streets. By this time, the two experienced currently received recognition as artists of repute. In 2002, Upadhyay’s exhibition “Commemorative Stamps” at Ashish Balram Nagpal Gallery in Mumbai was applauded for depictions that represented new wealth in India. In 2005, he stunned his audience by protesting from the Gujarat riots by sitting naked as a portion of the overall performance Baar Baar, Har Baar, Kitni Baar?, exactly where viewers were being invited to use turmeric on his entire body as a gesture of compassion.

The babies that have been to come to be his trademark have been born in 2003, with the exhibition “Designer Babies”. Around the decades, he modified them to adapt unique sizes, mediums and hybrid varieties. He painted them with diversified motifs and made use of them to address a array of difficulties, these as manipulative society, woman infanticide, censorship and social commodification. “These infants ended up designed hardly ever to improve but they did transform form and progressed more than time. I gave them exclusive identities by suggests of their pores and skin, portray miniatures and manga designs and at occasions even working with textual content,” says Upadhyay.

Recognition came in the form of options and professional success. A frequent at artwork activities, his operates fetched astronomical prices at international auctions. In 2007, he established a own file when his installation New Indians was auctioned for $529,000 at a Sotheby’s auction.

India map work- eye A get the job done by Chintan Upadhyay (Credit rating: Chintan Upadhyay)


As he unwraps his artwork built in current several years, each work reminds him of the moments in prison. He reckons it would suffice for various exhibitions but he does not have the bandwidth to place it collectively. “At the second, I am nonetheless struggling to get into the rhythm to focus and work,” he states. Developed more than a prolonged period, he notes that the subjects are much-ranging — from a job Mutatis Mutandis based on Marathi writer Sanjeev Khandekar’s poems that delve into mutation, to the black-and-white stripes of the jail uniform that merge with crimson on 8×10 ft canvases. Stories of migrants dropping lives though trying to flee war-ravaged nations led to a series of is effective with torrid waves on a sea shore. “There is a constant tussle involving ‘us’ and ‘them’, what we don’t realise is that violence will not get humanity everywhere.”

The newspapers became a window to the outside the house entire world, as he continued to reply to socio-political developments, normally pasting headlines of curiosity in his scrapbook, which was also a visible diary in which he doodled and jotted notes. When the discussion on nationalism was raging in the state, Upadhyay was examining Rabindranath Tagore’s Nationalism, a compendium of lectures on nationalism by the Nobel Laureate. “I was fascinated in discovering how nationalism was considered prior to we attained independence. I had browse fragments from Tagore’s lectures and requested a good friend to organize for the e book,” he suggests. The ensuing drawings aim on keywords from Tagore’s lectures, this sort of as “India”, “Nation” and “Political”, and Upadhyay hopes to scan and deliver them alongside one another in a composite print that would be painted over.

Tagore pic- eye “Nation, nationwide and human”, acrylic and oil on canvas, 6×4 ft. (Credit: Chintan Upadhyay)

Not allowed to visit Mumbai and needed to report to the neighborhood law enforcement station at the place of his home on the very first working day of each individual thirty day period, as he adjusts to existence exterior prison, lending help are new good friends and old. The inmates he qualified in artwork have been getting in contact with him to continue with the classes. “Several of them are now out and have been achieving out to me with a motivation to find out art. Some of them are now my studio assistants. Artwork has an skill to hook up,” says Upadhyay. Meanwhile, nevertheless he has been following the work of friends, the visits to art galleries are however numbered. “I do want to see artwork and what anyone is making, but am still not in a frame of thoughts to socialise or move out a ton. It was excellent to see art in-man or woman and satisfy pals at the India Art Fair in Delhi previous month, but, actually, I was also a small lost. A ton has changed,” says the artist.

Kenneth Proto

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