Jacksonville Women in the Arts: A timeline – The Resident Community News Group, Inc.

Henrietta Dozier, Jacksonville’s 1st girl architect, designed the Federal Reserve Bank Construct-ing, which however stands at 424 North Hogan Avenue. Photograph courtesy of Jacksonville Historical Soci-ety.

We have all come to acknowledge March as Women’s History Month. It started, having said that, as a nearby celebration designed and executed in 1978 by an instructional job pressure in northern California and instead than a thirty day period, it lasted only a 7 days. The very first Nationwide Women’s Record 7 days was designated by President Jimmy Carter in 1980. In his proclamation, he mentioned, “…Men and females have worked alongside one another to build this country. Also generally, the females have been unsung and in some cases their contributions went unnoticed. But the achievements, management, bravery, energy and enjoy of the women of all ages who designed The us was as very important as that of the gentlemen whose names we know so properly.” It would be an additional seven decades before Community Law 100-9 designated the thirty day period of March as Women’s Historical past Thirty day period.

Regionally, gals have produced significant contributions to the town of Jacksonville and the country at massive. Concentrating additional narrowly on the arts group of the River Metropolis, we can rejoice the devotion, patronage and aid females have paid out to the arts. As we tactic the city’s bi-centennial, we have highlighted 4 of the a lot of women who did just that, regardless of whether by paving the way for girls to play a function in the arts local community, devoting their life to collecting a selection that would launch a nearby institution, building a legacy that would keep on to honor area artists or forming a place to lift up women’s voices in the artwork group.

Early 1900s

Henrietta Dozier

Architect
1872 – 1947

Identified as the very first lady architect in Jacksonville and the point out of Georgia, Dozier still left her mark on the River City, even though numerous of her before commissions have been ruined in the Good Fire of 1901. Dozier was a person of a few women in a course of 176 at the Massachusetts Institute of Know-how. In 1899, she was the only woman to graduate and she did so with an state-of-the-art diploma in architecture. Doing work as a girl in a male-dominated sector, Dozier was described to frequently dress like a guy and adopt gender-neutral professional monikers like H.C. Dozier or “Harry.” Various of her styles still stand now, which include the Federal Reserve Bank Setting up at 424 North Hogan Street (finished in 1924). Of the photograph exhibiting the adult males doing the job at the design web page, Jacksonville Historical Culture Main of Staff and Communications Director Kate Hallock mentioned, “Rumor has it that…Henrietta Dozier is dressed in men’s outfits and is standing on the correct.” In 1939, Dozier participated in the Federal Writer’s Project — a federal system to assist and fund writers in the Good Depression — and spoke about her life and job as an architect. She known as herself “a lone wolf” as a lady in architecture and spoke of expertise in the industry as some thing a single is born with alternatively than a ability one can get. “You know architects are instead like poets – they are born, not designed,” she explained in the interview.

Construction begins of the Federal Reserve Bank Building, designed by Henrietta Dozier. Photo courtesy of Jacksonville Historical Society.
Building starts of the Federal Reserve Lender Developing, created by Henrietta Dozier. Image courtesy of Jacksonville Historic Society.

Mid-Century

Ninah Cummer

Philanthropist
1875 – 1958

Ninah Cummer liked her adopted hometown. In 1897, pursuing her wedding day to Arthur Cummer, Ninah moved to Jacksonville from Michigan and straight away began engraining herself in her new neighborhood by many charitable and social results in. Jacksonville is aware of her most notably, perhaps, for the Cummer Museum of Art and Gardens, her comprehensive roles in the establishment and beautification of public parks and her enthusiasm for gardens.

When it arrives to the artwork that turned the bedrock of the museum’s preliminary selection and the formation of the museum itself, she genuinely was the female at the rear of the curtain. “She was incredibly progressive in the perception that she did not intend information of this gift [of the art collection] to get out when she was nonetheless alive,” explained J. Wayne & Delores Barr Weaver Main Curator Holly Keris. “…She declared that she regarded as what she was accomplishing to be pretty modest and she said if this institution is going to endure, it is gonna have to be for the reason that other folks in the community pick out to have it ahead.” Adhering to the death of her spouse in the early 1940s, Cummer started “collecting with a funds C,” Keris defined. By the time she passed away in 1958, Cummer had amassed a selection of approximately 60 museum-high-quality items. In her will, she set up the museum’s basis and named its very first board of administrators, but or else still left it up to her neighborhood to take up her torch and have it forward. Keris stated Cummer’s mindset in direction of the particulars and generation of the museum was really arms-off.

Ninah Cummer accumulated what would become the bedrock collection for the Cummer Muse-um of Art and Gardens. Photo courtesy of the Cummer Museum of Art and Gardens.
Ninah Cummer accumulated what would come to be the bedrock selection for the Cummer Muse-um of Art and Gardens. Photo courtesy of the Cummer Museum of Art and Gardens.

“Her angle was seriously, ‘No. The mechanism for this is coming just after I have handed away. I am performing all of this perform up till this position but it actually is for other people today to pick up and carry forward’ and I consider that spirit has given the museum a great deal of overall flexibility to ebb and circulation as it is necessary to about these last 60 years,” Keris extra.

Late 1900s

Ann McDonald Baker

Philanthropist
1937 – 2011

Ann McDonald Baker considered in the value of art and lifestyle within just her group as effectively as that community’s duty to really encourage and uplift their artists and visionaries. Her legacy lives on through the various group businesses and initiatives she assisted produce, from The Cultural Council to The Neighborhood Basis for Northeast Florida’s (TCF) Arts Ventures Fund and Women’s Supplying Alliance — to identify a few. Right after she handed absent in 2011, TCF honored her legacy by making the Ann McDonald Baker Art Ventures Award. The 1st receiver of this award, which incorporates an unrestricted $10,000 grant, was picked in 2015.

In a press release announcing the inaugural receiver, artist Terrance L. Patterson, TCF President Nina Waters said, “Like Terrance, Ann Baker dreamed of a vivid nearby arts community the place gifted individuals could thrive and share their abilities with their fellow citizens. Genuinely, we are indebted to Ann for her leadership, and believe Terrance and the Ritz Chamber Gamers embody the heart of what she envisioned, earning this award so significant for all who cherish her memory and her legacy.”

In November 2021, TCF honored its seventh recipient of the Ann McDonald Baker Art Ventures Award receiver, photographer Douglas J Eng.

Current Working day

Kimberly Miller

Artist, Govt Director & Founder of FemArt Gallery

When local artist Kimberly Miller study an short article about racism and sexism in the art environment, she determined to do some thing to aid her fellow gals artists in her very own local community. In 2017, she founded FemArt Gallery, a non-profit group devoted to “promoting and supporting ladies artists.”

Ann McDonald Baker (left) and Courtenay Wilson, the co-founders of the Art Ventures Fund at The Community Foundation for Northeast Florida. Photo courtesy of The Community Foundation for Northeast Florida.
Ann McDonald Baker (remaining) and Courtenay Wilson, the co-founders of the Art Ventures Fund at The Group Foundation for Northeast Florida. Photo courtesy of The Neighborhood Foundation for Northeast Florida.

“Women’s visible voices are genuinely important these days,” Miller mentioned. “They’ve described our heritage and we are having gain of creating a ‘herstory’ to align with history. We really feel it’s actually essential that our culture acknowledges the excellent benefit of women’s artwork. We give one more standpoint than what the views have been historically, specially when art has generally been acknowledged, valued, and glorified by typically white male artists. They have supplied us a specific perceptive of human record that has remaining out 50 % of the genuine background.”

Given that its inception, FemArt’s membership has developed to more than 100 members. It has aided manage many art reveals by women artists through Jacksonville and subsequent thirty day period, it will be opening its very own brick-and-mortar artwork gallery at 476 Riverside Avenue. In preparing for the gallery’s opening, Miller has hosted portray functions at its new locale and members have aided paint and enhance the quite gallery that will showcase their art when it opens.

“They are all so passionate and want to be heard and witnessed and that means the environment to me,” Miller said.

In addition to uplifting artists through several artwork exhibits, FemArt supports its customers by furthering their creative foundations by training, together with its 2021 “Women of Shade in the Arts Speak” application, in which a group of artists of shade spoke to substantial college students about “their own artwork journeys and how they persevered lots of situations even however they faced quite a few hurdles that incorporated twin marginalization because of their gender and their coloration.” The program was made feasible as a result of a grant supplied by the Dolores Barr Weaver Grassroots Grants Endowment at The Community Foundation for Northeast Florida.

The FemArt gallery opening is scheduled for Monday, April 25.

By Michele Leivas
Resident Group Information

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